Untreated uveitis can lead to blindness. It is important to see your ophthalmologist immediately if you have redness, inflammation or pain in the eyes. In many instances, treatments help restore lost vision. They can also prevent more damage to tissues and ease inflammation and pain. If a health condition contributed to uveitis, treatment of this disease should also relieve eye inflammation.
Some forms of uveitis take a long time to subside. Some come back after treatment. Depending on the type of disease, treatments include:
- Antibiotics, antivirals or antifungals: These drugs treat uveitis caused by an infection.
- Eye drops: Dilation (enlargement) of the pupil with eye drops can reduce pain and swelling. Eye drops can also prevent the iris and lens from sticking together, a complication that can occur with anterior uveitis. Your ophthalmologist may also prescribe eye drops to reduce eye pressure (ocular hypertension).
- Steroidal anti-inflammatories: Medications containing corticosteroids (steroids) relieve eye inflammation. These drugs are present in many forms: drops, ointments, oral pills, injections inside or around the eye, intravenous (IV) infusions or a capsule that your doctor surgically implants into the eye.
- Immunosuppressants: These medications calm the immune system’s response to autoimmune disease or inflammation throughout the system. Your doctor may prescribe these medications if uveitis affects both eyes, does not respond to steroids or threatens your vision. You can take the drug orally as a pill, as an injection or through an intravenous infusion into a vein.